Schema Configuration

LdapTools uses a schema definition to describe various LDAP objects in your directory service. This allows you to easily create and modify any part of the schema to suit your needs. Default schema definitions are included in the resources/schema directory in the root of this library. Both OpenLDAP and Active Directory have default schema files.

The schema definition allows you to abstract the LDAP schema so you can refer to objects by whatever name and attribute names that you want within this class. It also allows you to assign attribute converters to LDAP attributes so you can convert the data in LDAP to the way you want it to be displayed in PHP, and vice-versa.

The following serves as a reference for the structure of a schema and the possible configuration directives.

Schema File Structure (YAML)

The schema YAML file is structured as follows:

# This name must always be defined
    # This name can be whatever you want, but must be unique for this section of the YAML.
        # ... Schema object directives are defined here
    # Another schema object definition
        # ... More object directives are defined here

Schema Configuration Options

objects (Required)

Underneath the objects is where you define all your schema object definitions. This option must be defined.


By using this option you can specify the name of one of the default schemas to extend. Any options contained within that schema will be merged into your schema. To add additional options to existing schema types the keys underneath "objects" must match between the default schema and your own!

# Extends the default 'ad' schema included within the 'resources/schema' directory.
extends_default: ad
    # This 'user' key must exist in the default schema for it to merge, otherwise it will be considered a new object type.
        # Sets a custom repository definition for the user object, in addition to everything else in the default schema.
        repository: '\My\Custom\Repository'


By using this option you can specify additional schema files to include within the current schema file. This way you can logically separate your schema files and include them as needed. Note that the schema needs to exist within the folder path you defined for your schema in the configuration.

# Includes a schema named 'custom'. This needs to exist within the schema folder you defined in your config settings.
include: custom
    # Include any additional schema object definitions ...


By using this option you can specify additional schema files to include within the current schema file that exist within the default schema folder. The only valid schema names for this are those that are included within this libraries default schema folder.

include_default: exchange
    # Include any additional schema object definitions ...

Schema Object Configuration Options

type (Required)

The name for the type is how you will refer to this LDAP schema object within the class. This is a required field. Default LDAP object types that the class has defined are: user, group, computer, contact.


This is an instance of \LdapTools\Query\Operator\BaseOperator. This operator is used to construct the filter used to query LDAP for the object type. You can omit the class and category directives and only define a filter. If you also define a class and category they are added to this filter when the schema object is built.

A simple filter example. This would select all objects with an objectClass equal to user that start with the name Admin.

        eq: [ objectClass, user ]
        starts_with: [ name, Admin ]

A more complex example. All objects with an objectClass of user and an objectCategory person, and of those only objects with an email address present whose department name begins with IT.

        - and:
            - eq: [ objectClass, user ]
            - eq: [ objectCategory, person ]
        - and:
            - present: emailAddress
            - starts_with: [ department, IT ]

This allows you to construct a query as complex as you need in an array representation. All of the methods used to construct the filter above (and, eq, present, starts_with) are methods of the filter shortcuts from the LdapQueryBuilder class. The only difference being that instead of camel-case the method names should be formatted with underscores.

For a complete list of methods available see the filter shortcuts documentation.


This is the objectClass value for the LDAP object you're defining. It can be any valid LDAP objectClass value (user, inetOrgPerson, group, etc) and will be used in the creation of LDAP query filters when using this type. This can be either a single string, or an array with multiple class names.


This is the objectCategory value for the LDAP object you're defining. It can be any valid LDAP objectCategory value (person, computer, contact, etc) and will be used in the creation of LDAP query filters (along with the class definition above) when using this type.


This is the RDN attribute used to form the distinguished name of an object. You can define one or more attributes for this role. The attribute can either be the schema attribute name (which is then mapped to the actual LDAP attribute) or just the LDAP attribute name itself.

Default: name


These should be key: value pairs. Where the key is the name you would like the refer to the LDAP attribute by within the class, and the value is the name of the attribute in LDAP (ie. firstName: givenName).


These should defined as keys with the converters name with an array of attribute name values:

        - 'created'
        - 'modified'

The attribute names can either be the schema defined attribute name, or the actual LDAP attribute name. For a complete listing of possible built-in attribute converters, see this reference doc.


These should defined as keys with the converters name with an array of options that will be passed to the converter:

            defaultValue: '512'
                disabled: '2'
                passwordNeverExpires: '65536'
                smartCardRequired: '262144'
                trustedForDelegation: '262144'
                passwordIsReversible: '128'

This results in an array with the keys defaultValue and uacMap (and their respective arrays) being passed to the converter. These options are accessible from within the attribute converter by using $this->options.


An array of attributes that will be selected by default on LDAP queries when using this type.

        - 'firstName'
        - 'lastName'
        - 'guid'


An array of attributes that are expected to be multivalued. Setting this for an attribute will force it to always return an array value regardless of the number of values it has. This allows for more predictable results.

        - 'otherHomePhone'
        - 'otherIpPhone'


The full class name (ie \MyNamespace\MyClasses\CustomRepository) to use as the default repository when calling getRepository('object_type') on the LdapManager class. The class must extend \LdapTools\Object\LdapObjectRepository.


An array of attributes with what their default value should be set to whe creating this object using the LdapObjectCreator. These values also accept parameter values encased within % symbols that can resolve to other attribute values.

        firstName: "%username%"
        displayName: "%lastName%, %firstName%"
        description: "%displayName%: Located in %city%"
        city: "Utah"


An array of attributes that are required when creating this object type. If these are not present, an exception will be thrown. This will only happen if they are not specified on creation and not contained within the default_values list.

        - 'username'
        - 'password'
        - 'firstName'
        - 'lastName'


This should be a string in DN format that represents the OU/container where new objects for this LDAP type should be placed by default when created.

    default_container: 'OU=Accounting,OU=Employees,DC=example,DC=local'


This should be a string in DN format that represents the OU/container where the base of a LDAP query for this LDAP type should start. It also accepts parameter names for the defaultNamingContext and the configurationNamingContext.

    # All LDAP objects under this path will be queried for the type.
    base_dn: 'OU=OU=Employees,DC=example,DC=local'


These are arrays of LDAP controls that should be used when performing operations/queries with this schema type. Each control should be an array with the OID (or friendly constant name from LdapControlOid), and optionally the criticality and value:

    # The OID must come first, followed by whether the control is critical, and then an optional value.
    # If you omit the criticality then it defaults to false.
        - [ 1.2.840.113556.1.4.417, true ]


This is a boolean value for whether or not paging should be used when querying for this object type. Certain controls require that paging is not used. If this is not defined then it will default to whatever you set in your domain config or the Query Builder instance.

    # Disable paging for queries using this schema type.
    paging: false


This is a string value that determines the scope of the query performed when searching for this type. Possible values are subtree (this is a recursive search), onelevel (this is a list search, only items located directly underneath the base_dn are found), and base (this is a one-level search, only the object represented by the base_dn is found).

    # Only look for items directly underneath the base_dn.
    scope: onelevel


By using this option you can explicitly state to make a object type extend another object and inherit everything it already has defined. This value can either be a string, meaning that the object to extend already exists within the current schema, or it can be an array. The array must be like [ schema, object ], where schema is the name of a separate schema file within the same schema folder and object is the name of a defined object type within that schema.

        # A bunch of stuff defined...
        # Tells it to 'extend' the user type defined above and inherit its properties.
        extends: user
        # Make sure the define a different type!
        type: custom_user
        # Tells it to look in the schema file called 'custom' for the object type 'user' and extend that.
        extends: [ custom, user ]
        type: another_user


By using this option you can tell the schema to extend a specific object type from a default schema, either ad or openldap. This helps you to avoid repetition when configuring your own schema yet still customize it to your needs. This value must be an array that contains the default schema name and object type to extend.

        # Extends the default AD user type.
        extends_default: [ ad, user ]
        type: special_user
        # Put these accounts in a specific OU
        default_container: 'ou=special accounts,dc=example,dc=local'
        # Add an additional attribute to select.
            - 'title'